New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS.

This set contains layers that are relevant to the broad category of Terrain.

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Information
Category Environment > Land > Landscape
Tags NZEnvDS, Terrain
Regions New Zealand
Metadata ISO 19115/19139, Dublin Core
Technical Details
Set ID 7336
Items 18
History
Added 09 Jun 2022
Last updated 09 Jun 2022

NZEnvDS_Aspect (degrees) v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

405
31
Added
23 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 23 Jul 2021.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440) for a publication describing NZEnvDS

Calculated from “elevation”using the terrain function in the raster R package (Hijmans 2017).

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 105706
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Eastness v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

319
22
Added
23 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 23 Jul 2021.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440) for a publication describing NZEnvDS.

Calculated from “aspect_rad”, accounting for circular variable:

aspect_eastness = sin(aspect_rad)

(1 = east, –1 = west, 0 = north and south).

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 105710
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Eastness (incorporating slope) v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

428
21
Added
23 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 23 Jul 2021.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440) for a publication describing NZEnvDS.

Calculated from “aspect_eastness”, accounting for circular variable, as in Amatulli et al. (2018):

aspect_eastnessSlope = sin(slope_rad) x aspect_eastness

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 105711
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Northness v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

435
21
Added
23 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 23 Jul 2021.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440) for a publication describing NZEnvDS.

Calculated from “aspect_rad”, accounting for circular variable:

aspect_northness = cos (aspect_rad)

(1 = north, –1 = south, 0 = east and west).

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 105713
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Northness (incorporating slope) v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

346
19
Added
23 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 23 Jul 2021.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440) for a publication describing NZEnvDS.

Calculated from “aspect_northness”, accounting for circular variable, as in Amatulli et al. (2018):

aspect_northnessSlope = sin (slope_rad) x aspect_northness

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 105714
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Aspect (radians) v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

417
20
Added
23 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 23 Jul 2021.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440) for a publication describing NZEnvDS.

Calculated from the NZEnvDS variable “elevation” using the terrain function in the raster R package (Hijmans 2017).

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 105715
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Elevation v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

481
39
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS.

A digital elevation model (DEM) indicating the elevation above sea level. This layer was generated by combining the New Zealand Digital Elevation Model (NZDEM; Barringer et al. 2002) tiles from the 25 m resolution North Island (Land Information New Zealand 2020c) and South Island (Land Information New Zealand 2020d) data sets, and resampling to the LENZ 100 m grid (Leathwick et al. 2002) using bilinear interpolation.

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 105722
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Slope (degrees) v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

436
24
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. Generated as part of LENZ (Leathwick et al. 2002) using a high-resolution 25 m DEM (NZDEM; Barringer et al. 2002).

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107239
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Slope (radians) v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

366
19
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. Calculated from the LENZ (Leathwick et al. 2002) slope layer (“slope_deg”):

slope_rad = slope_deg x pi/180

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107240
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Flow direction of water v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

416
24
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. The ‘flow direction’ of water (i.e. the direction of the greatest drop in elevation). Calculated from “elevation” using the terrain function in the raster R package (Hijmans 2017). topo_flowDir values are encoded as powers of 2 (0 to 7). The cell to the right of the focal cell 'x' is 1, the one below that is 2, and so on (Hijmans 2017):

32 64 128

16 x 1

8 4 2

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107408
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Geomorphons v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

374
27
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. Generating using a geomorphon algorithm, which uses pattern recognition concepts to classify terrain based on a DEM. Individual pixels are allocated to one of the following 10 values:

  1. flat
  2. summit
  3. ridge
  4. shoulder
  5. spur
  6. slope
  7. hollow
  8. footslope
  9. valley
  10. depression.

Generated using r.geomorphon (Jasiewicz et al. 2013; Jasiewicz & Stepinski 2013) in GRASS GIS (Neteler et al. 2012). The NZEnvDS variable “elevation” was used as the DEM input.

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107409
Data type Image/Raster
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Tiles Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Normalised height v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

401
20
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. The normalised difference between the slope height and valley depth, indicating the relative position of a pixel along a slope between valley and ridge. Calculated from the NZEnvDS “elevation” DEM and the SAGA Morphometry module in SAGA GIS version 7.3.0.

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107410
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Topographic position index v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

364
19
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. Calculated from the NZEnvDS variable “elevation” using the terrain function in the raster R package (Hijmans 2017). Calculated as the difference between the value of a cell and the mean value of its eight surrounding cells.

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107411
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Topographic roughness index v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

351
19
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. Calculated from the NZEnvDS variable “elevation” using the terrain function in the raster R package (Hijmans 2017). Calculated as the difference between the maximum and the minimum value of a cell and its eight surrounding cells.

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107412
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Topographic ruggedness index v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

430
23
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. Calculated from the NZEnvDS variable “elevation” using the terrain function in the raster R package (Hijmans 2017). Calculated as the mean of the absolute differences between the value of a cell and the value of its eight surrounding cells.

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107413
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Valley depth v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

356
21
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. The vertical height below the summit. Calculated from the “elevation” DEM and the SAGA Morphometry module in SAGA GIS version 7.3.0.

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107414
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Topographic wetness index v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

389
22
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. Quantifies topographic control of hydrological processes by combining local upslope contributing area in the landscape with slope. Calculated from the “elevation” DEM and the SAGA Wetness Index module in SAGA GIS version 7.3.0.

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107415
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)

NZEnvDS_Wind exposition index v1.0

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

You may not use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

You must not release derivatives of this work.

397
21
Added
09 Apr 2022

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 09 Apr 2022.

New Zealand Environmental Data Stack (NZEnvDS) comprises a set of 72 spatial layers for environmental modelling and site characterisation. NZEnvDS includes the layers that informed the Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ), additional layers generated for LENZ that were never publicly released, and additional layers generated since, all covering mainland New Zealand and surrounding inshore islands. The original/top copy of the dataset is available at (doi.org/10.7931/m6rm-vz40), but the layers are reproduced here for ease of access. See (newzealandecology.org/nzje/3440/) for a publication describing NZEnvDS. A measure for how exposed a location is to potential winds from all directions. The unit is a dimensionless index with values below 1 indicating wind shadowed areas, and values above 1 indicating wind exposed areas. Calculated from the NZEnvDS “elevation” DEM and the SAGA Morphometry module in SAGA GIS version 7.3.0.

Please cite the original paper as attribution when using these layers.

Layer ID 107416
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W)