LCDB v4.1 - Land Cover Database version 4.1, Mainland New Zealand

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

22328
2130
Updated
16 Jul 2015

This dataset was last updated on LRIS Portal on 16 Jul 2015.

The New Zealand Land Cover Database (LCDB) is a multi-temporal, thematic classification of New Zealand's land cover. It contains 33 mainland classes (35 including the offshore Chatham Islands). The classification has evolved from version to version but backward compatibility has been maintained. Geographic features are described by a polygon boundary, a land cover code, and a land cover name at each of four nominal time steps; summer 1996/97, summer 2001/02, summer 2008/09, and summer 2012/13. The data set is designed to complement in theme, scale and accuracy, Land Information New Zealand’s 1:50,000 topographic database. LCDB is suitable for use in national and regional state-of-environment monitoring, forest and shrubland inventory, biodiversity assessment, trend analysis and infrastructure planning. The classification used in LCDB v4.1 is presented in the document 'LCDBClassesAtVersion4.1.pdf' and a table correlating LCDB classes over all four LCDB versions is presented in the document 'LCDBClassCorrelations.pdf'. Both of these documents are available as an attachment to this dataset in the LRIS portal (lris.scinfo.org.nz/) and on the LCDB project site (www.lcdb.scinfo.org.nz). LCDB v4.1 was released in July 2015 and includes corrections to all time steps 1996/97, 2001/02, 2008/09 and 2012/13. A description of work undertaken for this release (including that in all earlier releases) is presented in the Lineage section. Of particular note at 4.1 is the re-mapping of Chatham Islands - first mapped at version 2, but then not continued through versions 3.0, 3.3, and 4.0 because of resource constraints. “EditAuthority” and "EditDate" are attributes, maintained since version 3.0 to indicate authorship and nominal date of polygon mapping, edit or change. The data is referenced to the New Zealand Transverse Mercator 2000 projection (NZTM2000) which uses the NZ Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000). Errors in the data due to misclassification (not changes since mapping) or poor delineation can be reported to Landcare Research for inclusion in the next release using the online feedback mechanisms in lris.scinfo.org.nz/.

Layer ID 48423
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 497833
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZLRI Land Use Capability

37041
1814
Updated
22 Jun 2010

This dataset was last updated on LRIS Portal on 22 Jun 2010.

The New Zealand Land Resource Inventory (NZLRI) is a national database of physical land resource information. It comprises two sets of data compiled using stereo aerial photography, published and unpublished reference material, and extensive field work:

  1. An inventory of five physical factors (rock type, soil, slope, present type and severity of erosion, and vegetation). A 'homogeneous unit area' approach is used to record the five physical factors simultaneously to a level of detail appropriate for presentation at a scale of 1:50,000.

  2. A Land Use Capability (LUC) rating of the ability of each polygon to sustain agricultural production, based on an assessment of the inventory factors above, climate, the effects of past land use, and the potential for erosion. The NZLRI covers the country in 11 regions, each with a separate LUC classification.

The first edition NZLRI provides national coverage from mapping between 1973 and 1979 at a scale of 1:63,360. A limited revision regional upgrade of the north Waikato area was completed at a scale of 1:63,360 in 1983. Second edition NZLRI regional upgrades at a scale of 1:50,000 have been completed for Northland, Wellington, Marlborough and Gisborne-East Cape. Third edition NZLRI layers contained a restructured polygon attribute table to allow the core NZLRI to complement the newly created fundamental soil layers with minimal duplication

Layer ID 48076
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 66070
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LCDB v3.0 (DEPRECATED)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

13858
797
Added
26 Jun 2012

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 26 Jun 2012.

DEPRECATED - THIS VERSION WAS SUPERCEDED FIRST BY VERSION 3.3 AND MORE RECENTLY BY VERSION 4.0 now available at lris.scinfo.org.nz/layer/412-lcdb-v40-land-cover-d...

This database is a thematic classification of land cover and land use classes. The current version 3 contains 33 classes designed to be compatible with earlier versions. The polygon features contain a code and boundary representing the land cover type at each of three periods; summer 1996/97, summer 2001/02, and summer 2008/09. The data set was designed to be compatible in scale and accuracy with Land Information New Zealand’s 1:50,000 topographic database. The land cover database is intended to be used in areas such as state of environmental monitoring, forest and shrubland inventory, biodiversity assessment, trend analysis and infrastructure planning.

The list of classes used in land cover database v3.0 can be found in the document LCDB2-3 Correlation Table along with the mapping from the class set used in the previous version (land cover database 2). This document is available as an attachment to this dataset (see below), and on the land cover database project site (www.lcdb.scinfo.org.nz).

The land cover database v3.0 was released in July 2012 and includes non-temporal edits to the summer 1996/97, summer 2001/02 time periods along with the new summer 2008/09 period. A change layer, “LCDB v3.0 change” (lris.scinfo.org.nz/layer/308-lcdb-v30-change) is available to indicate both non-temporal and temporal changes made between land cover database 2 and land cover database v3.0, The non-temporal changes include errors in the earlier mappings, step artefact removal, and coastline adjustments. An “authority” attribute is also available in this layer indicating the source of the change for both non-temporal and temporal changes mapped.

Funding is from the Ministry for Science and Innovation under contract CO9X1101, which was contributed to by the Ministry for the Environment. The Department of Conservation and individual regional councils and territorial authorities have made significant in kind contributions by checking the draft mapping for their areas of interest.

The Chatham Islands, which were available as part of land cover database2 on a different map projection, have not been re-mapped as part of land cover database v3.0.

Layer ID 48304
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 431666
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZLRI Vegetation

9690
868
Added
07 May 2010

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 07 May 2010.

The NZLRI is a spatial database containing about 100,000 polygons (map units), each of which describes a parcel of land in terms of five characteristics or attributes (rock, soil, slope, erosion, vegetation). This layer represents a GIS dissolve on the vegetation attributes of the NZLRI.

Layer ID 48055
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 74854
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Christchurch City Soil Map

13234
338
Updated
18 Oct 2011

This dataset was last updated on LRIS Portal on 18 Oct 2011.

This soil map for Christchurch City was compiled at 1:25,000 scale from several published and unpublished soil maps held by Landcare Research including:

Christchurch Region NZ Soil Survey Report 16 1:63 360
Part Paparua County NZ Soil Bureau Bulletin 34 1:31 860
Part Port Hills NZ Soil Bureau Bulletin 35 1:31 860
Heathcote County NZ Soil Bureau Report 1 1:31 860
Part Port Hills unpublished map 1:10 000
Sumner region NZ Soil Survey Report 70 1: 8 000

The database was constructed containing attributes relating to land use for each map unit and three land use interpretations generated: horticultural versatility, land use capability and urban suitability.

Layer ID 48148
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 554
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZLRI Soil

10931
876
Added
24 May 2010

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 24 May 2010.

The NZLRI is a spatial database containing about 100,000 polygons (map units), each of which describes a parcel of land in terms of five characteristics or attributes (rock, soil, slope, erosion, vegetation). This layer represents a GIS dissolve on the soil attribute of the NZLRI.

Layer ID 48066
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 63516
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZLRI North Island, Edition 2 (all attributes)

10470
874
Updated
18 Oct 2011

This dataset was last updated on LRIS Portal on 18 Oct 2011.

The New Zealand Land Resource Inventory (NZLRI) is a national database of physical land resource information. It comprises two sets of data compiled using stereo aerial photography, published and unpublished reference material, and extensive field work:

  1. An inventory of five physical factors (rock type, soil, slope, present type and severity of erosion, and vegetation). A 'homogeneous unit area' approach is used to record the five physical factors simultaneously to a level of detail appropriate for presentation at a scale of 1:50,000.

  2. A Land Use Capability (LUC) rating of the ability of each polygon to sustain agricultural production, based on an assessment of the inventory factors above, climate, the effects of past land use, and the potential for erosion. The NZLRI covers the country in 11 regions, each with a separate LUC classification.

The first edition NZLRI provides national coverage from mapping between 1973 and 1979 at a scale of 1:63,360. A limited revision regional upgrade of the north Waikato area was completed at a scale of 1:63,360 in 1983. Second edition NZLRI regional upgrades at a scale of 1:50,000 have been completed for Northland, Wellington, Marlborough and Gisborne-East Cape. Third edition NZLRI layers contained a restructured polygon attribute table to allow the core NZLRI to complement the newly created fundamental soil layers with minimal duplication.

Layer ID 48134
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 60919
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

North Island Soilscapes

4855
298
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

Soilscapes are defined as "a landscape unit including a limited number of soil classes that are geographically distributed according to an identifiable pattern". These first approximation soilscapes are derived from legacy data and expert knowledge.

Layer ID 48125
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 157
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZLRI Erosion Type and Severity

4186
432
Added
07 May 2010

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 07 May 2010.

The NZLRI is a spatial database containing about 100,000 polygons (map units), each of which describes a parcel of land in terms of five characteristics or attributes (rock, soil, slope, erosion, vegetation). This layer represents a GIS dissolve on the erosion attribute of the NZLRI.

Layer ID 48054
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 60010
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

FSL Soil Temperature Regime

5185
248
Added
04 Jun 2010

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 04 Jun 2010.

The New Zealand Fundamental Soil Layer originates from a relational join of features from two databases: the New Zealand Land Resource Inventory (NZLRI), and the National Soils Database (NSD). The NZLRI is a national polygon database of physical land resource information, including a soil unit. Soil is one in an inventory of five physical factors (including rock, slope, erosion, and vegetation) delineated by physiographic polygons at approximately 1:50,000 scale. The NSD is a point database of soil physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics for over 1500 soil profiles nationally. A relational join between the NZLRI dominant soil and derivative tables from the NSD was the means by which 14 important soil attributes were attached to the NZLRI polygons. Some if these attributes originate from exact matches with NSD records, while others derive from matches to similar soils or professional estimates. The layers contains the soil temperature regime attribute. The soil temperature regime classes relate to the soil temperature at 0.3 m depth. The classes used originate from and are described more fully in Webb and Wilson (1995), which in turn is based on the work of Aldridge (1982, 1984) and Aldridge and Cook (1983).

Layer ID 48107
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 107298
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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