LCDB v4.1 - Land Cover Database version 4.1, Mainland New Zealand

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

22328
2130
Updated
16 Jul 2015

This dataset was last updated on LRIS Portal on 16 Jul 2015.

The New Zealand Land Cover Database (LCDB) is a multi-temporal, thematic classification of New Zealand's land cover. It contains 33 mainland classes (35 including the offshore Chatham Islands). The classification has evolved from version to version but backward compatibility has been maintained. Geographic features are described by a polygon boundary, a land cover code, and a land cover name at each of four nominal time steps; summer 1996/97, summer 2001/02, summer 2008/09, and summer 2012/13. The data set is designed to complement in theme, scale and accuracy, Land Information New Zealand’s 1:50,000 topographic database. LCDB is suitable for use in national and regional state-of-environment monitoring, forest and shrubland inventory, biodiversity assessment, trend analysis and infrastructure planning. The classification used in LCDB v4.1 is presented in the document 'LCDBClassesAtVersion4.1.pdf' and a table correlating LCDB classes over all four LCDB versions is presented in the document 'LCDBClassCorrelations.pdf'. Both of these documents are available as an attachment to this dataset in the LRIS portal (lris.scinfo.org.nz/) and on the LCDB project site (www.lcdb.scinfo.org.nz). LCDB v4.1 was released in July 2015 and includes corrections to all time steps 1996/97, 2001/02, 2008/09 and 2012/13. A description of work undertaken for this release (including that in all earlier releases) is presented in the Lineage section. Of particular note at 4.1 is the re-mapping of Chatham Islands - first mapped at version 2, but then not continued through versions 3.0, 3.3, and 4.0 because of resource constraints. “EditAuthority” and "EditDate" are attributes, maintained since version 3.0 to indicate authorship and nominal date of polygon mapping, edit or change. The data is referenced to the New Zealand Transverse Mercator 2000 projection (NZTM2000) which uses the NZ Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000). Errors in the data due to misclassification (not changes since mapping) or poor delineation can be reported to Landcare Research for inclusion in the next release using the online feedback mechanisms in lris.scinfo.org.nz/.

Layer ID 48423
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 497833
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LCDB v3.0 (DEPRECATED)

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

13858
797
Added
26 Jun 2012

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 26 Jun 2012.

DEPRECATED - THIS VERSION WAS SUPERCEDED FIRST BY VERSION 3.3 AND MORE RECENTLY BY VERSION 4.0 now available at lris.scinfo.org.nz/layer/412-lcdb-v40-land-cover-d...

This database is a thematic classification of land cover and land use classes. The current version 3 contains 33 classes designed to be compatible with earlier versions. The polygon features contain a code and boundary representing the land cover type at each of three periods; summer 1996/97, summer 2001/02, and summer 2008/09. The data set was designed to be compatible in scale and accuracy with Land Information New Zealand’s 1:50,000 topographic database. The land cover database is intended to be used in areas such as state of environmental monitoring, forest and shrubland inventory, biodiversity assessment, trend analysis and infrastructure planning.

The list of classes used in land cover database v3.0 can be found in the document LCDB2-3 Correlation Table along with the mapping from the class set used in the previous version (land cover database 2). This document is available as an attachment to this dataset (see below), and on the land cover database project site (www.lcdb.scinfo.org.nz).

The land cover database v3.0 was released in July 2012 and includes non-temporal edits to the summer 1996/97, summer 2001/02 time periods along with the new summer 2008/09 period. A change layer, “LCDB v3.0 change” (lris.scinfo.org.nz/layer/308-lcdb-v30-change) is available to indicate both non-temporal and temporal changes made between land cover database 2 and land cover database v3.0, The non-temporal changes include errors in the earlier mappings, step artefact removal, and coastline adjustments. An “authority” attribute is also available in this layer indicating the source of the change for both non-temporal and temporal changes mapped.

Funding is from the Ministry for Science and Innovation under contract CO9X1101, which was contributed to by the Ministry for the Environment. The Department of Conservation and individual regional councils and territorial authorities have made significant in kind contributions by checking the draft mapping for their areas of interest.

The Chatham Islands, which were available as part of land cover database2 on a different map projection, have not been re-mapped as part of land cover database v3.0.

Layer ID 48304
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 431666
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LCDB v4.0 (Deprecated)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

17702
1319
Added
27 Jun 2014

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 27 Jun 2014.

The New Zealand Land Cover Database (LCDB) is a multi-temporal digital thematic map of land cover and land use. Land cover at each of four periods; summer 1996/97, summer 2001/02, summer 2008/09, and summer 20012/13, is both delineated and classified. The land cover classification evolved over the first three periods but compatibility has been maintained. The current version, LCDB v4 (and its predecessor LCDB v3), contains 33 classes. The classification used in LCDB v3 and v4 can be found in the document LCDB2-3CorrelationTable.pdf along with the correlation from the classification used in the earlier version (LCDB v2). This document is available as an attachment to this dataset in the LRIS portal (lris.scinfo.org.nz/), and on the LCDB project site (www.lcdb.scinfo.org.nz). The LCDB was designed to be compatible in scale and accuracy with Land Information New Zealand’s 1:50,000 topographic database. The LCDB is intended for use in areas such as state of environmental monitoring, forest and shrub inventory, biodiversity assessment, trend analysis and infrastructure planning. LCDB v4.0 was released in June 2014 and includes non-temporal edits to the 1996/97, 2001/02, and 2008/09 time periods along with new mapping of change up to the summer 2012/13 period. A change layer, “LCDB v4.0 change” is available to indicate both non-temporal and temporal changes made between LCDB v3.3 and LVCDB v4.0, The non-temporal changes include error in earlier mapping. An “authority” attribute is also available in this layer acknowledging the source of the latest mapping of both non-temporal and temporal change. The Chatham Islands, which were available as part of LCDB-2 on a different map projection, have not yet been re-mapped in LCDB v3.0, v3.3, or v4.0.The data is referenced to the New Zealand Transverse Mercator 2000 projection (NZTM2000) which uses the NZ Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000). Errors in the data due to misclassification (not changes since mapping) or poor delineation can be reported to Landcare Research for inclusion in the next release using the online feedback mechanisms in lris.scinfo.org.nz/.

Layer ID 48412
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 479353
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LENZ - Annual water deficit

5409
412
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

Annual water deficit data layer used in the creation of Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ) classification. The classification layers have been made publicly available by the Ministry for the Environment (see data.mfe.govt.nz/layers/?q=LENZ for to access these layers).

Based on a water balance model using monthly estimates of mean daily temperature, mean daily solar radiation, and mean rainfall, this layer is used as an indicator of soil dryness. The layer calculated as the sum of any deficits between rainfall and potential evaporation calculated using the method of Priestley and Taylor (1972). The resulting 100 metre layer (The temperature, solar radiation and rainfall layers were all 100m) was then interpolated to 25 metres using bilinear interpolation.

The climate station data used in the development of this climate surface were derived from summaries of climate observations published by the New Zealand Meteorological Service, using data collected over the period from 1950-1980 The data layer was derived from surfaces fitted to monthly data describing daily average temperature, daily solar radiation and monthly rainfall. The rainfall surface was fitted using NZMG coordinates, elevation, and a model describing relationships between topography and westerly winds.

Having derived the 36 input climate layers, an empirical model was first used to calculate the monthly potential evaporation from the monthly estimates of solar radiation and temperature. These estimates of evaporation were then compared with the monthly rainfall estimates. Where the rainfall exceeded evaporation, the monthly deficit was assumed to be zero, but where monthly evaporation exceeded monthly rainfall, the shortfall was accumulated through the year to derive an estimate of the annual water deficit.

The units for this layer are in mm, higher values are areas that have a larger deficit.

Additional details such as the climate station locations used in the creation of the layer are defined in the attached LENZ Technical Guide.

Layer ID 48097
Data type Grid
Resolution 25.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LCDB v3.3 (DEPRECATED)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

5432
588
Updated
24 Oct 2013

This dataset was last updated on LRIS Portal on 24 Oct 2013.

DEPRECATED - THIS VERSION HAS BEEN SUPERCEDED BY VERSION 4.0 which is now available at lris.scinfo.org.nz/layer/412-lcdb-v40-land-cover-d....

The New Zealand Land Cover Database (LCDB) is a thematic classification of land cover. The current version LCDB3.3 contains 33 classes designed to be compatible with earlier LCDB versions. The polygon features contain a code and boundary representing the land cover type at each of three periods; summer 1996/97, summer 2001/02, and summer 2008/09. The data set was designed to be compatible in scale and accuracy with Land Information New Zealand’s 1:50,000 topographic database. LCDB is intended to be used in areas such as state of environmental monitoring, forest and shrubland inventory, biodiversity assessment, trend analysis and infrastructure planning. The list of classes used in LCDB3.3 can be found in the document LCDB2-3 CorrelationTable.pdf along with the mapping from the class set used in the previous version (LCDB2). This document is available as an attachment to this dataset in the LRIS portal (www.lcdb.scinfo.org.nz/) and on the LCDB project site (www.lcdb.scinfo.org.nz). LCDB3.3 was released in August 2013 and includes corrections to all time steps 1997/97, 2001/02 and 2008/09. In particular, it incorporates edits arising from user feedback, a review of improvements to low producing grasslands in the South Island, updates to croplands from Kyoto Land Use mapping, and corrections to the dating of land cover change mapped in LCDB3.0. “EditAuthority” and "EditDate" attributes are maintained in this layer to indicate the source of the change for both non-temporal and temporal changes mapped.The Chatham Islands, which were available as part of LCDB-2 on a different map projection, have not yet been re-mapped as part of LCDB3.

Layer ID 48401
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 452868
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LENZ - Monthly water balance ratio

3416
233
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

Monthly water balance ratio data layer used in the creation of Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ) classification. The classification layers have been made publicly available by the Ministry for the Environment (see data.mfe.govt.nz/layers/?q=LENZ for to access these layers).

This layer differentiates between regions that have minimal water deficit, but vary markedly in the total amount of rainfall they receive. Based on a water balance model using monthly estimates of mean daily temperature, mean daily solar radiation, and mean rainfall. This layer is the annual average of the monthly ratios of rainfall to potential evaporation calculated using the method of Priestley and Taylor (1972). The resulting 100 metre layer (The temperature, solar radiation and rainfall layers were all 100m) was then interpolated to 25 metres using bilinear interpolation.

The climate station data used in the development of this climate surface were derived from summaries of climate observations published by the New Zealand Meteorological Service, using data collected over the period from 1950-1980 The data layer was derived from surfaces fitted to monthly data describing daily average temperature, daily solar radiation and monthly rainfall. The rainfall surface was fitted using NZMG coordinates, elevation, and a model describing relationships between topography and westerly winds. Having derived the 36 input climate layers, an empirical model was first used to calculate the monthly potential evaporation from the monthly estimates of solar radiation and temperature. These estimates of evaporation were then compared with the monthly rainfall estimates. To calculate the monthly water balance ratio, the ratio of rainfall to evaporation was computed for each month, and then the average of these twelve ratios was calculated.

Additional details such as the climate station locations used in the creation of the layer are defined in the attached LENZ Technical Guide.

Layer ID 48093
Data type Grid
Resolution 25.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LENZ - October vapour pressure deficit

2306
126
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

October vapour pressure deficit data layer used in the creation of Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ) classification. The classification layers have been made publicly available by the Ministry for the Environment (see data.mfe.govt.nz/layers/?q=LENZ for to access these layers).

October vapour pressure deficit, recorded in kPa, is used to estimate the effects of variation in the dryness of the air. The climate station data used in the development of this climate surface were derived from summaries of climate observations published by the New Zealand Meteorological Service, using data collected over the period from 1950-1980. Estimates of the vapour pressure deficit for each month were derived by coupling a 100 m DEM with a thin-plate spline surface fitted to an irregular network of 287 meteorological stations, using humidity and temperature data. The resulting 100 metre layer was then interpolated to 25 metres using bilinear interpolation.

Calculation of the vapour pressure deficit first required estimation of the temperature at 0900 hours, the time at which humidity measurements are made. This was calculated from the measured mean daily minimum and maximum temperatures for each month using a function that simulates the temperature course through the day. The estimated temperature at 0900 hours was then used to calculate the saturation water vapour pressure , which indicates the maximum amount of water vapour able to be held in the air given its temperature. Vapour pressure deficits in October were used in LENZ as this is the month when westerly winds are generally most persistent, resulting in strong geographic variation in vapour pressure deficits across New Zealand.

This layer has been multiplied by a factor of 100 (i.e. converted into an integer grid) to save space and make the grids more responsive. A value of 33 is actually 0.33 kPa.

Additional details such as the climate station locations used in the creation of the layer and error maps are defined in the attached LENZ Technical Guide.

Layer ID 48091
Data type Grid
Resolution 25.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LCDB v4.1 - Land Cover Database version 4.1, Chatham Islands

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

2795
56
Updated
10 Jul 2015

This dataset was last updated on LRIS Portal on 10 Jul 2015.

The New Zealand Land Cover Database (LCDB) is a multi-temporal, thematic classification of New Zealand's land cover. It contains 33 mainland classes (35 including the offshore Chatham Islands). The classification has evolved from version to version but backward compatibility has been maintained. Geographic features are described by a polygon boundary, a land cover code, and a land cover name at each of four nominal time steps; summer 1996/97, summer 2001/02, summer 2008/09, and summer 2012/13. The data set is designed to complement in theme, scale and accuracy, Land Information New Zealand’s 1:50,000 topographic database. LCDB is suitable for use in national and regional state-of-environment monitoring, forest and shrubland inventory, biodiversity assessment, trend analysis and infrastructure planning. The classification used in LCDB v4.1 is presented in the document 'LCDBClassesAtVersion4.1.pdf' and a table correlating LCDB classes over all four LCDB versions is presented in the document 'LCDBClassCorrelations.pdf'. Both of these documents are available as an attachment to this dataset in the LRIS portal (lris.scinfo.org.nz/) and on the LCDB project site (www.lcdb.scinfo.org.nz). LCDB v4.1 was released in July 2015 and includes corrections to all time steps 1996/97, 2001/02, 2008/09 and 2012/13. A description of work undertaken for this release (including that in all earlier releases) is presented in the Lineage section. Of particular note at 4.1 is the re-mapping of Chatham Islands - first mapped at version 2, but then not continued through versions 3.0, 3.3, and 4.0 because of resource constraints. “EditAuthority” and "EditDate" are attributes, maintained since version 3.0 to indicate authorship and nominal date of polygon mapping, edit or change. The data is referenced to the Chatham Islands Transverse Mercator 2000 projection (CITM2000) which uses the NZ Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000). Errors in the data due to misclassification (not changes since mapping) or poor delineation can be reported to Landcare Research for inclusion in the next release using the online feedback mechanisms in lris.scinfo.org.nz/.

Layer ID 48427
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 2098
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

ecr_fmask

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

1222
1
Updated
03 Aug 2017

This dataset was last updated on LRIS Portal on 03 Aug 2017.

Layer ID 48314
Data type Image/Raster
Resolution 25.000m
Services Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LCDB v4.1 Version Trace, Mainland New Zealand

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

2891
23
Added
16 Jul 2015

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 16 Jul 2015.

This data set (LCDB v4.1 Version Trace) allows users to track changes back to the previous version (v4.0), and to reconcile derived quantities, such as the total area of a class in a region, to those derived from the earlier LCDB version. Additionally the authority (and date) for mapping the change is recorded in this database where such a change has been manually mapped.

DO NOT use this dataset to assess real vegetation change over time. Rather use the latest available LCDB version which will contain vegetation cover for all timesteps. This Version Trace dataset is only provided to help reconcile with an analysis done on an earlier version of the LCDB.

Similar datasets were provided to trace LCDB2 ==> LCDB v3.0, LCDB v3.0 ==> LCDB v3.3, and LCDB v3.3 ==> LCDB v4.0. Note however, we previously called the dataset "Change" rather than "Version Trace", e.g. "LCDB v4.0 Change".

Layer ID 48429
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 56285
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed