LENZ - Mean annual temperature

5309
621
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

Mean annual temperature data layer used in the creation of Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ) classification. The classification layers have been made publicly available by the Ministry for the Environment (see data.mfe.govt.nz/layers/?q=LENZ for to access these layers).

Mean annual temperature is recorded in °C. The climate station data used in the development of this climate surface were derived from summaries of climate observations published by the New Zealand Meteorological Service, using data collected over the period from 1950-1980. The resulting data layer was created by coupling a 100 m DEM with a thin-plate spline surface fitted to an irregular network of 300 meteorological stations. The resulting 100 metre layer was then interpolated to 25 metres using bilinear interpolation. Following conventions used in the calculation of climate summary statistics, the values used to fit the surface consisted of the mean of the 12 monthly averages for daily average temperature.

This layer has been multiplied by a factor of 10 (i.e. converted into an integer grid) to save space and make the grids more responsive. A value of 136 is actually 13.6 °C.

Additional details such as the climate station locations used in the creation of the layer and error maps are defined in the attached LENZ Technical Guide.

Layer ID 48094
Data type Grid
Resolution 25.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

FSL Soil Temperature Regime

5193
248
Added
04 Jun 2010

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 04 Jun 2010.

The New Zealand Fundamental Soil Layer originates from a relational join of features from two databases: the New Zealand Land Resource Inventory (NZLRI), and the National Soils Database (NSD). The NZLRI is a national polygon database of physical land resource information, including a soil unit. Soil is one in an inventory of five physical factors (including rock, slope, erosion, and vegetation) delineated by physiographic polygons at approximately 1:50,000 scale. The NSD is a point database of soil physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics for over 1500 soil profiles nationally. A relational join between the NZLRI dominant soil and derivative tables from the NSD was the means by which 14 important soil attributes were attached to the NZLRI polygons. Some if these attributes originate from exact matches with NSD records, while others derive from matches to similar soils or professional estimates. The layers contains the soil temperature regime attribute. The soil temperature regime classes relate to the soil temperature at 0.3 m depth. The classes used originate from and are described more fully in Webb and Wilson (1995), which in turn is based on the work of Aldridge (1982, 1984) and Aldridge and Cook (1983).

Layer ID 48107
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 107298
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

FSL Soil Drainage Class

4993
507
Added
04 Jun 2010

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 04 Jun 2010.

The New Zealand Fundamental Soil Layer originates from a relational join of features from two databases: the New Zealand Land Resource Inventory (NZLRI), and the National Soils Database (NSD). The NZLRI is a national polygon database of physical land resource information, including a soil unit. Soil is one in an inventory of five physical factors (including rock, slope, erosion, and vegetation) delineated by physiographic polygons at approximately 1:50,000 scale. The NSD is a point database of soil physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics for over 1500 soil profiles nationally. A relational join between the NZLRI dominant soil and derivative tables from the NSD was the means by which 14 important soil attributes were attached to the NZLRI polygons. Some if these attributes originate from exact matches with NSD records, while others derive from matches to similar soils or professional estimates. This layer contains attributes relating to soil drainage. Soil drainage is described as a class. Drainage classes are assessed using criteria of soil depth and duration of water tables inferred from soil colours and mottles. Drainage classes used here are the same as those used in the NZ Soil Classification (Hewitt 1993), and outlined by Milne et al. (1995).

Layer ID 48104
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 107298
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LENZ - Slope

4787
569
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

Slope data layer used in the creation of Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ) classification. The classification layers have been made publicly available by the Ministry for the Environment (see data.mfe.govt.nz/layers/?q=LENZ for to access these layers).

This slope data layer is measured in degrees and was created from a 25-metre digital elevation model (DEM) fitted to 20-m digital contour data derived from New Zealand's NZMS 260 map series using in-house software developed at Landcare Research.

All contours were originally derived photogrammetrically from stereo photographs for final map reproduction at a scale of 1: 50 000. Additional intermediate contours and spot heights were used in generating the DEM where available, while coastlines and shorelines (for lakes greater than 10 ha in extent) were used to constrain the DEM surface around water bodies. The linear interpolation method used to create the DEM threads contours through the cells before interpolation so that any cell intersected by a contour will be given the elevation value of that contour, leading to a high percentage of cells with elevations that are multiples of 20 or 10 in steep areas.

Additional details are defined in the attached LENZ Technical Guide.

Layer ID 48081
Data type Grid
Resolution 25.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

PBC - Predicted Background Soil Concentrations, New Zealand

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

5227
49
Updated
28 Jun 2016

This dataset was last updated on LRIS Portal on 28 Jun 2016.

The Predicted Background Concentration (PBC) shapefile contains spatial information on the effective median, and 95th quantile estimates of the background concentration (mg/kg) of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, nickel and zinc across New Zealand. These background concentrations were developed for a geological unit classification, Chemical4, originating from GNS Science's QMAP 1:250 000 Geological Map of New Zealand GIS dataset (Heron 2014). Chemical4 is based on the QMAP ROCK_GROUP classification but further subdivides some on an age basis ie older sedimentary rocks from their Miocene and younger rock and sediment equivalents (Maui and Pakihi supergroups, Mortimer et al. 2014). The number of samples in each Chemical4 subgroup for which predictions are made is also provided. Predictions for Chemical4 subgroups with few underlying samples (N<30) are considered less reliable and for N<10 unreliable. These data are intended to provide an initial assessment of background soil concentrations at locations that are being assessed for use as clean-fills or managed fill or for the assessment of contaminated land.

Source: These background soil concentration predictions were developed from geostatistical analysis of trace element data from regional councils, national soils database and GNS Science identifying associations with geological parameters adapted from the GNS Science QMAP geological map dataset. The premise being that underlying geology is generally regarded as a major contributor to the geochemical signals in soils and surficial material.

Full details of the development of these data is provided in 'Envirolink Report (C09X1402) 2015.pdf'. See 'PBC_FieldsDescription.xlsx' for a description of the fields in the attribute table.

References: Heron DW (custodian) 2014. Geological map of New Zealand 1:250,000. GNS Science geological map 1. Lower Hutt, New Zealand, GNS Science.

Mortimer N, Rattenbury MS, King PR, Bland KJ, Barrell DJA, Bache F, Begg JG, Campbell HJ, Cox SC, Crampton JS, Edbrooke SW, Forsyth PJ, Johnston MR, Jongens R, Lee J, Leonard GS, Raine JI, Skinner DNB, Timm C, Townsend DB, Tulloch AJ, Turnbull IM, Turnbull RE 2014. High-level stratigraphic scheme for New Zealand rocks. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 57: 402–419.

Layer ID 48470
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 39371
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Christchurch 15m DEM

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

4739
188
Added
25 Feb 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 25 Feb 2011.

Digital Elevation Model of Christchurch New Zealand - a 15 metre resolution, floating point precision, elevation grid generated from the LINZ 1:50,000 scale Topographic data layers (20m contours, spot heights, lake shorelines and coastline) using Landcare Research's in-house interpolation.

Layer ID 48186
Data type Grid
Resolution 15.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Mean minimum temperature of the coldest month data layer used in the creation of Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ) classification. The classification layers have been made publicly available by the Ministry for the Environment (see data.mfe.govt.nz/layers/?q=LENZ for to access these layers).

Mean minimum temperature of the coldest month is recorded in °C. The climate station data used in the development of this climate surface were derived from summaries of climate observations published by the New Zealand Meteorological Service, using data collected over the period from 1950-1980. Estimates of the mean minimum temperature in July, the coldest month of winter, were derived from a surface fitted to monthly estimates of mean daily temperatures. The resulting data layer was created by coupling a 100 m DEM with a thin-plate spline surface fitted to an irregular network of 346 meteorological stations. The resulting 100 metre layer was then interpolated to 25 metres using bilinear interpolation.

This layer has been multiplied by a factor of 10 (i.e. converted into an integer grid) to save space and make the grids more responsive. A value of 53 is actually 5.3 °C.

Additional details such as the climate station locations used in the creation of the layer and error maps are defined in the attached LENZ Technical Guide.

Layer ID 48092
Data type Grid
Resolution 25.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Potential Vegetation of New Zealand

4236
323
Added
15 Mar 2012

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 15 Mar 2012.

New Zealand's potential forest composition was predicted from regressions relating the distributions of major canopy tree species to environment. Environmental variables, chosen for their correspondence to major tree physiological processes, included annual and seasonal temperature and solar radiation, soil and atmospheric water deficit, soil leaching, slope, and soil parent material and drainage. Environmental values were estimaged both for a large set of irregularly distributed plots describing forest composition, and points on a 1-km grid across New Zealand. Regressions were fitted to the ploy data species by species, with those for the four Nothofagus species also including terms to correct for the effects of their geographic disjunctions. Predictions of species abundance were then made for the grid data set, and the resulting matrix was classified to derive groups of similar composition. This data is expected to provide a context for both the assessment of the biodiversity value of surviving forest remnants and for the subsequent management and/or restoration of these sites.

Layer ID 48289
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 233591
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LENZ - Soil drainage

3960
296
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

Drainage data layer used in the creation of Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ) classification. The classification layers have been made publicly available by the Ministry for the Environment (see data.mfe.govt.nz/layers/?q=LENZ for to access these layers).

This data layer described the internal drainage of soils. The classification used in the creation of this layer was developed as part of the diagnostic features used in conjunction with the New Zealand Soil Classification, and was defined in terms of the soil attributes that develop under different drainage conditions. Five classes of drainage, ranging from Very Poor (1) through to Good/Well drained (5). The class defined as "0" signifies areas where there are no soil attributes recorded (i.e. high peaks of the Southern Alps).

Additional details such as discussion about the accuracy and reliability of the LENZ soil layers and the technical definitions of the categories in this layer are defined in the attached LENZ Technical Guide.

Layer ID 48085
Data type Grid
Resolution 25.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LENZ - Induration (Soil Hardness)

3437
149
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

Induration data layer used in the creation of Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ) classification. The classification layers have been made publicly available by the Ministry for the Environment (see data.mfe.govt.nz/layers/?q=LENZ for to access these layers).

Induration is a measure of how hard the soil is and is quantified by how much force is needed to break the soil. The data defines the induration based on the soil information (from the NZLRI) and the mapped parent material. This induration data layer is differentiated into five classes, Non-indurated (Class 1), Very weakly indurated (2), Weakly indurated (3), Strongly indurated (4), Very strongly (5). The class defined as "0" signifies areas where there are no soil attributes recorded (i.e. high peaks of the Southern Alps). Additional details such as discussion about the accuracy and reliability of the LENZ soil layers and the technical definitions of the categories in this layer are defined in the attached LENZ Technical Guide.

Layer ID 48084
Data type Grid
Resolution 25.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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