PBC - Predicted Background Soil Concentrations, New Zealand

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5227
49
Updated
28 Jun 2016

This dataset was last updated on LRIS Portal on 28 Jun 2016.

The Predicted Background Concentration (PBC) shapefile contains spatial information on the effective median, and 95th quantile estimates of the background concentration (mg/kg) of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, nickel and zinc across New Zealand. These background concentrations were developed for a geological unit classification, Chemical4, originating from GNS Science's QMAP 1:250 000 Geological Map of New Zealand GIS dataset (Heron 2014). Chemical4 is based on the QMAP ROCK_GROUP classification but further subdivides some on an age basis ie older sedimentary rocks from their Miocene and younger rock and sediment equivalents (Maui and Pakihi supergroups, Mortimer et al. 2014). The number of samples in each Chemical4 subgroup for which predictions are made is also provided. Predictions for Chemical4 subgroups with few underlying samples (N<30) are considered less reliable and for N<10 unreliable. These data are intended to provide an initial assessment of background soil concentrations at locations that are being assessed for use as clean-fills or managed fill or for the assessment of contaminated land.

Source: These background soil concentration predictions were developed from geostatistical analysis of trace element data from regional councils, national soils database and GNS Science identifying associations with geological parameters adapted from the GNS Science QMAP geological map dataset. The premise being that underlying geology is generally regarded as a major contributor to the geochemical signals in soils and surficial material.

Full details of the development of these data is provided in 'Envirolink Report (C09X1402) 2015.pdf'. See 'PBC_FieldsDescription.xlsx' for a description of the fields in the attribute table.

References: Heron DW (custodian) 2014. Geological map of New Zealand 1:250,000. GNS Science geological map 1. Lower Hutt, New Zealand, GNS Science.

Mortimer N, Rattenbury MS, King PR, Bland KJ, Barrell DJA, Bache F, Begg JG, Campbell HJ, Cox SC, Crampton JS, Edbrooke SW, Forsyth PJ, Johnston MR, Jongens R, Lee J, Leonard GS, Raine JI, Skinner DNB, Timm C, Townsend DB, Tulloch AJ, Turnbull IM, Turnbull RE 2014. High-level stratigraphic scheme for New Zealand rocks. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 57: 402–419.

Layer ID 48470
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 39371
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LENZ - Induration (Soil Hardness)

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149
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

Induration data layer used in the creation of Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ) classification. The classification layers have been made publicly available by the Ministry for the Environment (see data.mfe.govt.nz/layers/?q=LENZ for to access these layers).

Induration is a measure of how hard the soil is and is quantified by how much force is needed to break the soil. The data defines the induration based on the soil information (from the NZLRI) and the mapped parent material. This induration data layer is differentiated into five classes, Non-indurated (Class 1), Very weakly indurated (2), Weakly indurated (3), Strongly indurated (4), Very strongly (5). The class defined as "0" signifies areas where there are no soil attributes recorded (i.e. high peaks of the Southern Alps). Additional details such as discussion about the accuracy and reliability of the LENZ soil layers and the technical definitions of the categories in this layer are defined in the attached LENZ Technical Guide.

Layer ID 48084
Data type Grid
Resolution 25.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Vulnerability to Soil Structural Degradation

1913
85
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

Untimely cultivation, grazing and forestry operations when the soils are wet give rise to a rapid and marked loss of soil structure and a reduction in soil permeability and aeration owing to the compaction, deformation and consolidation of the topsoil and upper subsoil. This degradation results from the pressure of heavy machinery or treading by stock. Some soils are more at risk than others due to their poor resistance and resilience to compacting forces, poor drainage, limited water holding capacity, or higher rainfall.

References
Parfitt, R. L.; Lilburne, L. R.; Shepherd, T. G.; Andrew, R. M. 2002: Vulnerable soils: national maps and models of resistance to pressures. Proceedings of Soil Quality and Sustainable Land Management conference, Palmerston North, New Zealand, 3-5 April, 2002.

Shepherd, T. G.; Lilburne, L. R.; Sparling, G. P. 2000: A rule-based assessment of soil structural vulnerability. Soil News 48(5):127-132.

Layer ID 48168
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 139526
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

LENZ - Soil age

1516
92
Added
13 Oct 2011

This dataset was first added to LRIS Portal on 13 Oct 2011.

Soil age data layer used in the creation of Land Environments of New Zealand (LENZ) classification. The classification layers have been made publicly available by the Ministry for the Environment (see data.mfe.govt.nz/layers/?q=LENZ for to access these layers).

This data layer is a classification of two broad soil age classes based on their membership in the New Zealand Soil Classification. This layer describes soil age using morphological features associated with soil development rather than criteria based on chronological ages. As a consequence, soils classified as recent in dry cool environment may be much older than recent soils from warm, wet environments. Only two classes of soil age, Younger (1) and Older (2). The class defined as "0" signifies areas where there are no soil attributes recorded (i.e. high peaks of the Southern Alps).

Additional details such as discussion about the accuracy and reliability of the LENZ soil layers and the technical definitions of the categories in this layer are defined in the attached LENZ Technical Guide.

Layer ID 48088
Data type Grid
Resolution 25.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed